Japanese researchers develop a new generation of robots

http://www.pinktentacle.com/images/nonverbal_robot.jpgJapanese researchers develop a new generation of robots. The machines emulate the natural behavior of humans and animals to and show feelings.
Curious Tama turns her head in the direction of the approaching steps. When she sees Toshihiro Tashima, gets her entire body in joyful movement. Lovingly takes Tashima in the arm. It does not bother him that Tamas nose pointed to the side and legs are a little plump. However, it is his own creation: Tamas black and grey tiger skin is a mini robots, program filled with chips and dotted with sensors.
On programmed feeling: “There should lebensahnlich effect and cause feelings,” said the researchers of the Omron Corporation in Kyoto its digital Schmusetier. Depending on the situation, the plush robot anger, fear or surprise. He miaut if he wants to arm, gentle stroking calls a content Schnurren. About his long-term memory Robot recognizes the animal and its owner situations. Tashima proudly led a month ago his cat machines to the public. Tama is the latest model of a new generation of robots, which not only caused a sensation in Japan. In no other country currently researching as many scientists at the same time on machines, either with or men schenahnlich look almost lifelike people can communicate. “Robotics in Japan is an extremely lively and fruitful field of research,” said Thomas Christaller by the company for the mathematics and data processing in Sankt Augustin. Inspired the German Robotic visited some time ago 21 Japanese laboratories – and was impressed: “Many research projects can be found nowhere else, others are very far advanced.”
Send Siliziumhirne: The rapidly increasing computing power at ever lower prices, the work of many Robotic inspired. Around the world roll army of milliner-sized robots by the Institute corridors. Most of them are amazingly clever, but not exactly men schenahnlich. Anders in Japan: Here the researchers plug their Siliziumhirne not only in cheap tin coats. Lovingly they stulpen fur on their machines or tailor them chic costumes on the digital body. With built-Emotions generators and natural outfit their robots arouse the feelings and fantasies of many people. A concept with success, as the P3 robot weibgewandete shows. More than ten years tuftelten researchers in the laboratory of the automobile manufacturer Honda to walking with their body and men schenahnlichem course. Today experts are also subject to the charm of this beautiful machine. “P3 is probably the most advanced, independent robot in the world,” says U.S. Robotic Hans Moravec the millions of dollars expensive Honda humanoids in his just-published book “Robot. Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind. ” Quite set to go: It can P3 not much more than leisurely. The 130 kilo and 1.60 meter machine shall be virtually his entire silicon brain to concentrate on one leg before the other, without umzufallen. Nevertheless P3 will be even play football. “He will never miss the gate,” is Honda Manager Kazuo Hirai convinced. Even the tire send machines, however long walks. After 25 minutes the battery in his backpack herumschleppt metal, exhausted. Much more agile, the four-legged entertainment robot, Sony’s new D21 laboratory in Tokyo. At the International Design Forum in Singapore in late October, they were the stars. The hundeahnlichen machines are ideal for people “who are allergic to animals or just wish that someone at home waiting on them,” praises Sony researcher Hiroaki Kitano feeling on the dogs trimmed replacement. It will be sad if it enough attention, there Porches can walk, hear and see.
Overwhelmed by the life effect, even tried a child, the artificial dog with a biscuit to feed. Even the digital pets are not a game, but a research object. “Our goal is an artificial intelligence with eyes, ears, feeling and all other human sensory organs,” said Hiroaki Kitano.
The first was Humanoid 1973 to Waseda University. Today there blinzelt the robot WE-3R curious visitors through deceptively genuine artificial eyes that are competitive in light narrowed to slits. The flowing movements of Hadaly-2 have nothing more Auto makeshifts, and his colleague sheet Wabian dances in the rhythm of a clock Stocks.
With the “Humanoid Robot system”, the Japanese Trade Ministry (MITI) in this year a new, financially abundant equipped research project. “In five years,” said Noriaki Ozawa, director of industrial machinery department of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, “we want the prototype of a humanoids for everyday life.”
Until then wants to Rodney Brooks, for Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT in Cambridge, United States, his humanoids Cog at least the intelligence and abilities “of a toddler”. The question of when Cog as conscious beings there, beschied the U.S. Robotic recently with the laconic reply: “If something looks like a duck and quacks like a duck, then it is a duck.”
In 2020 robots reach the intelligence of mice Source: Hans Moravec, Robot, 1998
In 2030 robots reach the intelligence and abilities of a Affenhirns Source: Hans Moravec, Robot, 1998
In the year 2040 robots reach the brain power of a people. You can think Source: Hans Moravec, Robot, 1998
The artificial cat Tama belongs to the new generation of digital entertainment robot from Japan.
IN SLEEP falls Tama, when a long time, nobody with her long employed or actively.
This protects the batteries
NEUGIERIG eyes follow every movement of the cat. About sensors, it sounds and images true
At MIT in Cambridge, USA, a men schenahnlicher robots. Like a newborn should his knowledge after about experiences. For four years, the U.S. Robotic Rodney Brooks at Cog (from cog gear and cognition = = knowledge).
Behind the digital sheet baby is an extraordinary concept. Apart from some fundamental programs had at the beginning Cog nothing. Instead he bitwise einzutrichtern intelligence, it helps scientists especially to sophisticated sensors and motor. The Humanoids should – like a man – through the interaction with the environment, the social and intellectual capabilities of a toddler learn. High Cogs already developed vision. Other sensors are used to the feeling and hearing. But he has no sense of time and importance. If someone in his view, while he was playing with something, brings him out of the concept.