Robot already have than to digest and there than to chew


Originally, the custom, that a robot – it is an imitation of man. What really
surprised when scientists using robotic devices are trying to imitate human
organs. This is not about prostheses, namely the simulation of human organs for
medical research. Recent advances in this field – robotic jaw and … stomach

Preoccupied by the creation of a robot-gastric scientists of the Institute of
Food Research in Norwich. On the creation of a dynamic robot models of human
gastric they took about 10 years. The artificial stomach to help researchers
study the process of human digestion. In robotic stomach will be tested and new

Earlier in the summer of last year the public was provided with the development
of scientists from
University of Bristol. They managed to create a robotic model of human
masticatory apparatus. At the heart device is a three-dimensional model of the
oral cavity, equipped with mechanisms to six linear drives and imitators teeth.
The device accurately reproduces the human jaw movement and because of their

With these robotic jaws planned to experiment with new materials for the
dentist. Dentists calculated using robotic models of the jaws to stimulate
research in their field and, ultimately, make treatment of dental diseases more

So that progress in gradual robotic human organs can not be doubted. Robota has
got something to eat and even what there is to digest …


History of Humanoid Robot in Waseda University


Waseda University has been one of the leading research sites for anthropomorphic robots since the late Prof. Ichiro Kato and his colleagues started the WABOT Project in 1970. Since then, just about ten years, by integrating the latest key technologies, we have developed a variety of humanoid robots including WABOT-1 which is the first full-scale human-like robot made in 1973, the musician robot WABOT-2 in 1984, Hadaly-2 which works together with a human partner and the biped walking robot WABIAN in 1997. Not only a lot of fundamental technology was created but also the many talented engineers and scientists were nurtured from these activities.

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The history of ASIMO humanoid robot

Asimo presentation in Paris 2002
Following a research program initiated in 1986 with the P-0 prototype, Honda presented in 2000 -just in time for the 21st century- the Asimo humanoid robot.
Honda’s ambitions on robotics are multiple : in a country where the population grows older year by year, the problem of assisting older people in their everyday life will become more and more accurate. Robots are thought of by many as one of the ways of solving this problem. Yet the technology still has lots to prove before accessing that kind of uses…
In what sounds more like a marketting baseline, Honda mentions “the power of dreams” as one of the reasons for the existence of the Humanoid Robot project. By that we should understand : creating humanoid robots has long been a dream , and making dreams come true is Honda’s moto.
Then again, Honda also states that robots will become an important part of our life within the new century; and they will thus represent a significant market, of which Honda intends to take it’s share.

After 14 years of developments, mostly focused on the dynamics of a robotic humanoid body, Asimo is the first humanoid robot to be actually available on the market (rental only, and at a tremendeous cost too). It is said that IBM, in Japan, uses an Asimo as a host in an IBM plant lobby.

So what’s the big deal with humanoid robots?

As i’ve mentionned, humanoids robots are intended to share humans life. It is thus important for them to be able to evolve in an everyday human environment. Imagine a robot that should “live” in an appartement. If it was equiped with wheels, it would be basically able to wander around, but only until it would meet stairs or steps. Take it out of the appartement, and the same limitations would apply in an urban environment. As a matter of fact, humans have legs, and their environment is designed accordingly. This is why a robot with legs seems more adapted to sharing lifespace with humans.
The same thoughts apply to the upper structure of the robot. If you want your robot to be able to actually walk around in your appartment, it should be able to open doors. You would then have a choice : adapt your entire appartment to make your robot able to open adapted doors by the use of a specific system; or include in your robot design some kind of device that would deal with common doors. If you do that, you may want to also equip your robot with devices that could take/move/transport objects. Also, it could be useful that your robot would be able to push buttons. Again, the human environment is adapted to human bodies, and human have arms and hands. So should your robot too.

Click here to view Asimo walking down a stair (2.66Mo AVI video)

Another important issue about designing a humanoid robot is the social interactions with humans. Many research projects around the world focus on that question : what will make a robot socially acceptable in a human surrounding?
Some projects, like Sony’s world famous Aibo robot dog and Asimo use the following approach : it is important not to disguise Artificial Intelligence into what it is not. It is thus important to give the robot an external appearance that would fit it’s actual potential. In human interactions, people usually expect different kind of response from different kind of interactors. Interacting with the surrounding world, one will not expect the same kind of response from a dog, a business man in suit, a vending machine or a child. The robot has the potential ability to adopt any of those outfits. In order to have the robot accepted in the everyday life of a human, the robot design should be carefully designed accordingly to it’s actual potential, it’s goal and it’s environment.

Asimo is not a toy, and it is not an actual human. It’s body is the size of a small adult and it’s appearance is sober and soft, yet functionnal. It’s “face” is both robotic (as the helmet suggests) and familiar, with the symbolics of the big round eyes suggesting that the robot is like a child that has to learn it’s environment.

If the first version of Asimo was basically a smaller-sized version of the earlier P-2 and P-3 robots; Honda now focus on breathing artificial intelligence into the newer versions.
The first evolution is the “i-Walk” technology. Whereas it used to be remote-controlled, Asimo’s walking technology is now able of anticipating the robot’s next moves, thus controlling the walking systems in a much more “natural” way. AI systems also include image and voice recognition (asimo is able to turn to someone who speaks to it, and recognize the person. It will also recognize certain gestures). Asimo will obei to several orders : ordering “come here” while pointing to a location will make Asimo move to the designated location and turn to the person who ordered it.

The succees of ASIMO

Honda take the opportunity in the development of the two-legged humanoid robot that can walk like humans. This Honda’s humanoid robots are small size, lightweight, and called Asimo (Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility), a robot revolution in the new era which robots have a style looks like a man when running.

One of the reasons Honda robot Asimo created in the past few years is to develop robots that can run itself, which help the human, as the practice of their use in the community. Research and development of robot Asimo began in 1996 with a prototype robot P2, and in 1997 in the format of P3 robot.

Asimo robots including the prototype of P3, which may be smooth and without a voice. With a high body Asimo about 120 cm eyes will be visible with the eye of the adults when adults sit in the chair. Asimo more lightweight than P3, the higher 40 cm and 87 kg more weight than the Asimo. With the weight of 43 kg, Asimo can operate household appliances, to reach the door knob, dance, and run the household tasks.

Asimo robot has a walk Advanced Technology which is able to estimate and control the movement in accordance with the direction of gravity, combined with the control that is already running, namely, technology iWalk (intelligent real-time, flexible walking). A combination of both technologies can change the direction of the fine, so it looks natural and stable as human beings. Operation of the robot using the method to Simple Operation, smoothing the way for the robots, control run which are flexible, and key operations (from the signal of movement and wave hands), which can be operated from portable workstation or control, which was installed in the hand. Expansion of distance movement Asimo can be done by adding a movement of shoulder angle around 20 degrees and high angle of about 15 degrees horizontally, the upper arm vertical movement of 105 degrees, far wider than the P3 robot.

The following are specifications of Asimo robot from Honda:

* Weight: 43kg
* Height: 1.200 mm
* Thickness: 440mm
* Length: 450mm
* Speed run: 0 – 1.6km / h
* Degrees of freedom movement of the head: 2 degrees
* Degrees freedom of movement of arms: 5 x 2 = 10 degrees
* Degrees of freedom of movement: 1 x 2 = 2 degrees
* Degrees of freedom footwork: 6 x 2 = 12 degrees
* Total freedom of movement degrees: 26 degrees
* Precursor robots: Servomotor + + Decelerator Harmonic Drive ECU
* Checker: walk / Operation Control ECU, ECU Wireless Transmission Sensor
* Sensor feet: 6-axis
* Sensor body: Gyroscope & Deceleration
* Source of energy: 38.4V/10AH (Ni-MN)
* Operation: Work Station & Portable Controller
* Excess robot Asimo:
o Small and lightweight
o walk Technology advanced
o a broad movement of arms
o Design a people-friendly
o How operation is easy

The latest humanoid robot to the opening ceremony of the Institute of Cognitive and robotics “, the presentation of the new generation ASIMO, and to subsequent press conference
On Wednesday, 10 October 2007, the Research Institute for Cognitive and robotics (Cor-Lab) at the University of Bielefeld. In addition, a research cooperation between the University of Bielefeld and the Honda Research Institute Europe Ltd. (HRI-EU) signed and the latest generation of robot ASIMO first time in Germany. The event will take place in the presence of Professor Dr. Andreas Pinkwart, Minister for Innovation, Science, Research and Technology of North Rhine-Westphalia, and Tomohiko Kawanabe, board member of Honda research and development. Honda has its long-term cooperation with scientists from the University of Bielefeld decisively expanded and provides the Cor-Lab as the only academic institution in Europe two robot ASIMO for research purposes. The Honda ASIMO is the latest zweibeinige humanoid robot in the world. In addition, the Japanese finance group at the CoR-Lab PhD positions in the framework of joint projects. Continue reading

A walking robot to order for Christmas?

Nuvo, the walking robot of Japanese ZMP, will be offered for Christmas at a price of $ 4,600.It measures 15 inches, walking on two legs, is if it falls, and may dress in several colors. But look no similarities with his colleagues under development at Sony or Honda, which look like humanoids whose marketing is not yet valid. Car Nuvo is its name, has no head so that they can more easily maintain a balance. Likewise his arms were reduced to its simplest expression, with balls without fingertip instead of mains. It responds to simple voice commands, like “advance” or “stop” and can be driven remotely ‘ Using a cell phone. Continue reading

Robot is present in many international research programmes the USA, most federal agencies support programs in robotics. For example, with NASA missions and Sojourner Martiennes, NSF whose various programmes display thematic Robea, mainly in the division CISE ($ 190M budget in 2001), or DARPA. Most American universities have teams and laboratories in the field (particularly those referenced on this site), like the Robotics Institute of Carnegie-Mellon University, which concentrates more than 200 researchers in 25 projects ranging from exploration or planetary polar driving. It should be pointed out effort R & D industrial robotics in the USA. Thus the work of CMU develops and builds on the Robotics Consortium Pittsburgh.The Japan mobilizes ambitious projects in the field. The program launched in Humanoid Robot 98 (50 million over 5 years) is significant research efforts of this country, efforts that extend through activities of industrial R & D intensive (Sony, Honda, etc). Continue reading

A robot bats revive research on sonar

Robot Chauve-Souris

A robotic head of bats capable of transmitting and detect ultrasound in the band of frequencies used by bats in the real world will give an important impetus to research in the field of echolocation. “Bat – Bot “, developed under the project CIRCE of the IST (Information Society Technologies) may also stir ears, technique often used by these animals to modulate the characteristics of the echo.
CIRCE developed the Bat-Bot to mimic more closely at the amazing qualities of echolocation in bats. “The sonar in water is an area controlled, but studies on a sonar air are much less advanced,” says dr. Herbert Parmesans, who heads the laboratory of active perception of the University of Antwerp and CIRCE coordinating the project. “Wherever roboticiens want to build an autonomous robot, they deal primarily the sonar, but they quickly encounter problems due to the nature too simplistic devices of commerce, and then spend the visual systems or laser. We hope that our research on the bat robotic systems will lead to more sophisticated sonar useful for robot navigation and other applications, “he says.
One of those potential applications could be identifying plants by echolocation. Continue reading

Advanced Robotics Research

Scientists at the Honda Research Institute have recently released a demo video of their latest state of the art humanoid robot: MiniAsimo. The culmination of years of research in robotics, nano-technology and chemoastrophysrobology, MiniAsimo contains the same functionality as the original Asimo model, while standing a mere 1.5 inches tall.